Figure 5. Principle Component Analysis; the clustering was generally non-significant. The data points are random and do not separate into quadrants indicating a lack of genetic isolation. Populations analyzed and presented in the dendrogram and the principle component analysis did not cluster according to the geography or the host plant they were collected from. The lack of population clustering was expected even though it is not consistent with previous research on S. frugiperda, due to the high number of populations covering a large geographic area.